Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Essay about Blood on the Forge - 1162 Words

Bryan Casallo Dr. Bailey April 17, y Blood on the Forge Book Review â€Å"Steel is born in the flames and sent out to live and grow old. It comes back to the flames and has a new birth. But no one man could calculate its beginning or end. It would end when the earth ended. It seemed deathless.† (302) Blood on the Forge, by William Attaway, illustrates one of the most important historical event in United States history, The Great Migration. Attaway sets Blood on the Forge in the midst of the Steel Valley in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania during the 1919’s. We accompany the Moss brothers in the Blood on the Forge as they face a world filled with emptiness, hunger, inequality and the obstacles they encounter in an unforgiving world. The Moss†¦show more content†¦Attaway moved from the segregated state of Mississippi to the industrialized city of Chicago, Illinois. The novelist became part of the Great Migration, just as the Moss brothers became part of it when they escaped Kentucky to work on the steel mills of Pennsylvania. It is a pparent that Blood on the Forge has a distinct connection to Attaway’s life. Attaway seeks to tell the plot of the story into five parts. Part one of the story renders the Life of the Moss brothers before the Steel Mills. Working for Mr. Johnson as a sharecropper, the Moss brothers were dirt poor, unable to feed themselves and work the land because of the unfortunate event that killed the Moss brother’s mom that lead to Big Mat killing the mule they used to plant crops. Already burden by the death of their mother, Big Mat nearly kills a the riding boss when he says; â€Å"Killin a animal worth forty dollars, cause a nigger woman got dragged over the rocks.† (69) After this event, it forces the Moss brothers to hop on a train headed for the steel mills of the north. Part two illustrates the crowded boxcar the Moss brothers were encased in as they headed north. Parts three to five depicts the new life ofShow MoreRelatedBlood On The Forge Review1612 Words   |   7 Pages Dawon Glen October 28, 2015 Afro 100 Bailey/McMillian Blood on the Forge Review How can you start from the bottom and rise to the top, but still not be on top? The strength of African Americans over the years is outstanding, but I will it ever be good enough. From discrimination, starvation, Jim Crow, the lack of the right to vote, and job deprivation, came The Great Migration. The Great Migration is one of the most historical periods in America. PeopleRead MoreAnalysis Of Blood On The Forge By William Attaway959 Words   |  4 Pagesthe one they’ve previously had. Examples of these changes can be seen with the â€Å"Great Migration† in the 1900s. A movement in which many African Americans moved to the North to work and settle in the steel mills in search of a better life. In Blood on the Forge by William Attaway, we are able to in fact prove that culture can change and adaptation plays a key role in our existence. The book portrays this change through the life and experiences of the Moss brothers and their lifestyle from KentuckyRead MoreWash ington s War Within A War Essay879 Words   |  4 PagesThen one’s soul sinks into depression, the feeling of defeat, the temptation to give up and surrender just for a taste of some food. This is just the war that General George Washington and the continual army faced in the winter of 1777-1778 at Valley Forge. General Washington was face with the loss of his Army, through extremely low moral brought on by lack of food, and other necessary supplies. The reason for such a hardship during the war was a faulty supply line. On the 23rd of December 1777, WashingtonRead MoreCloud Assisted Mobile Health Research Paper914 Words   |  4 Pagespaper records and prescriptions, are old-fashioned, inefficient, and unreliable. In an age of electronic record keeping and communication, the healthcare industry is still tied to paper documents that are easily mislaid, often illegible, and easy to forge. When multiple healthcare professionals and facilities are involved in providing healthcare for a patient, the healthcare services provided aren’t often coordinated. Countries that have centralized healthcare systems such as the UK have made considerableRead MoreAnalysis of the Use of Setting in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens1382 Words   |  6 Pagesclerk he is going for a walk so the clerk advises him to go round the corner to Smithfield. This is the second place in London that Pip visits. This place is described as, ‘ the shameful place, being all asmear with filth and fat and blood and foam, seemed to stick to me.’ There is a good use of alliteration here to give off the full effect of the dirt and disease of London. The word used are very descriptive in a negative way and so you can tell Pip thought of London asRead MoreLandscape Analysis and Art Appreciation Essay1327 Words   |  6 Pages We recently visited three different Museums the Titanic in Pigeon Forge, TN, the Frist Center for the Visual Arts in Nashville, TN, and the Museum of Arts in Huntsville, AL. It was an opportunity to discover and experience the wonders of art through my childs eye. Each place allowed us to step back in time, create a masterpiece and admire the many different styles of art on display. On our vacation to Pigeon Forge, TN we visited the Titanic. The titanic is known as the Ship of Dreams aRead MoreAnalysis Of The Novel Light Of August By William Faulkner1310 Words   |  6 Pagesthat is the antithesis of religion. This fuels Joe’s conflict with society by placing him in further isolation from the town. Christmas forges his first connection with a young prostitute named Bobbie Allen, where his first instance of violence is seen. He begins having sexual relations with her, and soon tells her that he â€Å"thinks [he has] some nigger blood in [him]† (Faulkner 196). She is the only person Christmas has a remotely personal connection with, so he decides to reveal his internalizedRead MoreThe Drum Women At Valley Forge1841 Words   |  8 Pages The book Following the Drum Women at the Valley Forge Encampment gave a very good incite to not just what it was like for the men at Valley Forge, but what it was like for the women who were there. â€Å"In the winter of 1777-8 at Valley Forge there were about one woman of every forty-four men† (Loane 133). I think book stressed that these women were incredibly helpful in the effort to rebuild this army through the rough winter, no matter what their job were. Although â€Å" Washington did not think muchRead MoreAn Analysis Of P ercy Jackson 947 Words   |  4 Pagesdiscovers that the modern world he lives in is not what he thinks. He finds that ancient Greek theology is very much real. He gets shipped to a camp in the middle of nowhere as a safe haven from dangers of ancient Greek mythology. This camp (Camp Half Blood) is a haven for young demi-gods to find their strengths and their place. Percy has a hard time comprehending this hidden society but he finally gets used to it. He is understood by the other kids at camp. They have dyslexia and ADHD as well. AnnabethRead More2020: A Not-So-Spacey Odyssey Essay1158 Words   |  5 Pageshas come full circle in its second era. The symbiotic relationship of the power-hungry and the lazy has led to a government controlled world where programs provide all and all require programs. No man can stand with his own strength. No man can forge his own way into the world controlled by Governments corrupted by power and greed. It all started innocently enough. The promise was for healthcare for all. Initial trials failed miserably in Canada, Great Britain, and many other countries

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Crime and Punishment vs. The Stranger - 1438 Words

Throughout the novels Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky and The Stranger by Albert Camus, sun, heat, and light play a significant role in the development and understanding of the novel and the characters in it. Upon the initial reading of The Stranger, the reader may have a general acknowledgment of a relationship between the novel’s protagonist, Mersault, and the sun and heat, either proceeding or following one of the novels significant events. What is harder to understand on the first read, is the reason why this is important and what it means. On the opposite side of the field is Crime and Punishment. The imagery relating to weather and heat have an obvious connotation and importance, as they generally appear before an important†¦show more content†¦One of the most noteworthy and climactic event in The Stranger is when Meursault meets the Arab on the beach. â€Å"The Arab drew his knife and held it up to me in the sun. The light shot off the steel and it was like a long flashing blade cutting at my forehead. At the same instant the sweat in my eyebrows dripped down over my eyelids all at once and covered them with a warm, thick film. My eyes were blinded behind the curtain of tears and salt. All I could feel were the cymbals of sunlight crashing on my forehead and, indistinctly, the dazzling spear flying up from the knife in front of me. The scorching blade slashed at my eyelashes and stabbed at my stinging eyes. That’s when everything began to reel. The sea carried up a thick, fiery breath. It seemed to me as if the sky split open from one end to the other to rain down fire. My whole being tensed and I squeeze my hand around the revolver. The trigger gave.† (Camus 59) The sun plays an incredibly significant role in this paragraph, for it is the instigator and beginning of the conflict. Because of this heat, Meursault’s judgment is clouded and he makes a rash decision that changes his life. The line about the sky splitting open and raining fire down upon him suggests that he subconsciously feels confusion about not grieving at his mother’s funeral. If the sun had not made an appearance that day on the beach, it can be safely concluded that Meursault would not have killed the Arab. But because it was there, it pushedShow MoreRelatedCrime and Punishment vs the Stranger Essay1229 Words   |  5 PagesThe novels The Stranger by Albert Camus and Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky are both murder novels that explores the inner thoughts of the killers. Camus and Dostoevsky wrote novels that portrays a young man committing murder and how the young man faces the consequences and deals with the horrible crime the which he has committed. Albert Camus and Fyodor Dostoevsky uses two different points of view in each of their novels, first person point of view and third person point of view, respectivelyRead MoreCrime System And Criminal Justice System Essay1399 Words   |  6 Pagesfollowing I will discuss my perspectives of the researched information and the noted changes of a system that was created by the people for the people. Topic I – Victim Justice System vs. Criminal Justice System A. Responsibilities of the victim’s past/present. B. Retribution and Restitution and other form of punishments past and present. Topic II –Victim Justice System transforms into Criminal Justice System A. The impact of capitalism and social forces driven by a free market economy. B. MassiveRead MoreThe Abolition Of The Death Penalty1552 Words   |  7 Pageswounded. The death penalty is used as a form of punishment in the eastern hemisphere for many crimes, such as espionage, terrorism, and first-degree murder. China holds the record for the largest amount of executions; the number remains largely disputed as death penalties are considered â€Å"state secret.† In some Middle Eastern countries crimes such as rape, adultery and theft also carry a death sentence. Canada is no stranger to capital punishments either. The first recorded death penalty in CanadaRead MorePros And Cons Of Capital Punishment1237 Words   |  5 PagesPros and Cons of Capital Punishment INTRODUCTION Each year there are around 250 people added to death row and 35 executed. The death penalty is the most severe method of penalty enforced in the United Sates today. Once a jury has condemned a criminal of a crime they go to the following part of the trial, the punishment phase. If the jury recommends the death penalty and the judge coincides, then the criminal will face some form of execution. Lethal injection is the most common process of executionRead MorePerry Smith: A Passion to Kill1354 Words   |  6 PagesSerial killers have long eluded law enforcement while simultaneously grabbing the attention of the public, and now more than ever, criminal psychologists are beginning to understand what makes a serial killer. In his true-crime documentary, In Cold Blood, Truman Capote depicts the horrifying murders of four members of the Clutter family and the search to find the criminals responsible for the deaths. Eventually, two killers are caught, one being Perry Smith, a detached and e motionless man. And althoughRead MoreSpousal Rape Essay964 Words   |  4 Pagesrape, regardless of marital status just as murder is murder regardless of marital or relationship status. I will define the legal definition of spousal/marital rape, briefly discuss the history, point out the differences in requirements and punishments for rape vs. spousal rape, and finally describe the effects spousal rape has on its victims. While the legal definition varies by state, spousal rape can be defined as any unwanted intercourse or penetration obtained by force, threat of force, or whenRead MoreMeursault Is An Absurdism1499 Words   |  6 Pagesmeans. This notion creates expectations for how people should emotionally respond to events around them. However, when one does not conform to these expectations, a complex conflict arises between that individual and the surrounding society. The Stranger, a translated novella by Albert Camus, takes place in the early 1940s and revolves around Meursault, a French Algerian. Developed through a presentation of his own thoughts, it grows clear that Meursault is an absurdist. He believes that his actionsRead MoreRunning Head:. Response Paper 1 Response Paper 3. Advanced1277 Words   |  6 PagesArizona State University Response Paper Crime in the 20th century has become one of the most widely studied areas of research. Today, I am going to briefly outline some of the theories of crime that are used to study the subject. What I will be evaluating these theories against will be small scale property crime such as theft. Classical theory states that crime is committed when there are more benefits to committing the crime than punishments. It also states that crime is a choice and is done with freeRead MoreThe Theory Of Crime And Crime1260 Words   |  6 PagesResponse Paper Crime in the 20th century has become one of the most widely studied areas of research. Today, I am going too briefly outline some of the theories of crime that are used to study the subject. What I will be evaluating these theories against will be small scale property crime such as theft. Classical theory states that crime is committed when there are more benefits to committing the crime than punishments. It also states that crime is a choice and is done with free will (BeccariaRead MoreSenate Bill 420 : The Issue Of Prostitution And Separating The Buyers From The Sellers1171 Words   |  5 PagesSenate Bill 420 would recast provisions by clearly defining prostitution and separating the buyers from the sellers. This bill not only defines the crime of prostitution but it also divides the crime into three sections: the involvement of the buyer, the involvement of the seller, and/or the involvement of a minor. Senator Huff first introduced this bill on February 25, 2015 where it was first presented to a committee on RLS, waiting for the approval to print. Freshly off the printer on February

Servant Leadership on Employee Engagement †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Servant Leadership on Employee Engagement. Answer: Introduction: There are various leadership models that are currently in place. Transformational servant leadership is one of the most preferred leadership styles in organizations today. According to Parolini (2012), transformational servant leadership refers to the ability to cast a collaborative moral vision while actively caring for those participating in moving the vision to reality (pp. 13). According to Parolini (2012), transformational servant leadership is not a quick fix. It is, however, todays heroes are products of transformational servant leadership. According to Autry (2001), some of the characteristics of transformational and servant leadership are ethics, trustworthy, visionary, strategic and having the heart to serve others. Transformational servant leaders always listen to their followers and have exceptional intuitive insights. Due to this character trait, they are dependable and trustworthy (Parolini, 2012). The followers of transformational servant leaders always connect themselves to them based on their personal traits of leadership. Transformational servant leaders listen to their followers and respect their opinions. They give their followers chances to contribute meaningfully in the decision-making process (Autry, 2001). Trust plays an important role in inspiring followers to participate. When employees have trust and believe in their leaders' values and organizational goals, they become more loyal and dedicated to realizing organizational goals (Kowske, Lundy, Rasch, 2009, pp. 50). Motivated employees would want to feel being part of the organization, hence; get inspiration to participate in achieving the organization goals (Carter, 2012). Transformational servant leadership is all about putting ones team first before oneself. In my organizational, I have always been there for my team to ensure that their needs are always met satisfactorily. I always check in with them to know how they are holding up. As their leader, I am at the forefront in creating opportunities for them to develop their skills required to advance their careers. As a transformational servant leader, I listen to their opinions. I analyze issues from my team's perspectives and make a decision with my followers' best interests at heart. I provide the necessary resources and knowledge that my team require to meet their objectives and that of the organization. My leadership skills have made my team be the most successful due to high engagement. A transformational and servant leader puts his team first and inspires his team to achieve exceptional results (Parolini, 2012). As a transformational and servant leader, service to others means helping others in achieving their dreams and to always listen to their needs and opinions. Service to others can be demonstrated by solving challenges that may arise and to be always at the forefront in making critical decisions. Motivation is essential in any workplace and serves as a determination in serving others. Acknowledgement of other peoples perspectives and needs also demonstrates service to others. Decision-making is a vital role in managing an organization. Leaders need to involve other people in the decision-making process as a way of empowering them. I believe that a leader should empower his followers by allowing them to handle issues their way and encourage them to own the problems and come up with practical strategies in solving them. Empowering people will make them contribute significantly in the decision-making process which will, in turn, help leaders to solve challenges in a manner that is acceptable to all the team members. References Autry, J. A. (2001). The servant leader: How to build a creative team, develop great morale, and improve bottom-line performance. New York, NY: Three Rivers. Carter, D. R. (2012). The influence of servant leadership on employee engagement: A qualitative phenomenological study of restaurant employees (Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix). Kowske, B., Lundby, K., Rasch, R., Harris, C., Lucas, D. (2009). Turning'survive'into'thrive': Managing survivor engagement in a downsized organization. People and Strategy, 32(4), 48. Parolini, J. (2012). Transformational Servant Leadership. Xulon Press.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Was Machiavelli Satan Essay Example For Students

Was Machiavelli Satan? Essay The Church accused Niccolo Machiavelli of being Satan for writing his book The Prince. Machiavelli completed The Prince in 1513. He wrote it as a gift to Lorenzo Medici, called the Magnificent, ruler of Florence. The political views Machiavelli expressed in his book went against the theology of the Church, specifically the Ten Commandments and the Beatitudes. Machiavelli wrote to gain control of a principality one must be brutal. (I)f you are a prince in possession of a newly acquired state and deem it necessary. . . to annihilate those who can or must attack you. . . . , you must do so to protect your principality. He gave the example of Duke Valentinos slaying of his nobles to maintain order, saying if Valentino had not killed his men, Valentino would have lost power. The Bible strongly forbids the killing of anyone. The Sixth Commandment states You shall not murder. In what is known as the Beatitudes, from Jesus Sermon on the Mount, the Bible also says those who are meek shall inh erit the earth. A meek person certainly does not kill others for standing in his or her way like Machiavelli is suggesting to be done. Another verse from the Beatitudes says those who are peacemakers will be called sons of God. Peacemakers do not kill either. For Machiavelli to say if killing a person is for the betterment of your principality, then to do so went against Gods rule and the Churchs. True followers of the Church abide by the Church beliefs, because if you are not for God, you are for Satan. As a ruler a prince must make certain pledges and steadfast promises; however, Machiavelli reasons that a prince does not have to keep his word all the time. The prince can pledge one thing under certain circumstances; but if those circumstances change, he is free to change his pledge if the change should benefit his situation. For instance, Pope Alexander VI, who reigned before Machiavelli wrote The Prince, made promises more persuasively or swore to them more solemnly and kept so few of them . . . . Pope Alexander VI also got what he wanted by deceiving others. The Beatitudes say those who desire righteousness will be filled; those who are pure of heart will see God. Righteousness and purity do not occur through deception. The ninth of the Ten Commandments says You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor, meaning do not lie. Matthew, the first book of the New Testament, says Do no break your oath . . . . The Church had good reason to disagree with Machiavelli about craftiness. We will write a custom essay on Was Machiavelli Satan? specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Nobility for princes can be seen as one of two ways: generous or parsimonious. If a prince is generous, his generosity usually comes at the expense of his subjects. The prince would have to tax his people heavily in order to give. This will begin to make him odious to his subjects and . . . will lose him the respect of everyone. For a prince to give money, he need not tax his people, rather give what he pillaged and stole while on various campaigns. If a prince is stingy with the peoples money, he will not tax as much; thus, his subjects will honor him more. The teachings of the Church and the Bible promote generosity, and remark that keeping ones wealth to oneself will lead to self destruction, Hell. The teachings likewise include You shall not steal. Although his ideas were contrary to those of the Church and of the Bible, Machiavelli can not be compared with Satan. He was promoting the survival of a principality at any cost. He said a prince will find things which, though seeming good, will lead to his ruin if pursued, and others which, though seeming evil, will result in his safety and well-being. Machiavelli also said that if a ruler gains control by cruelty and wickedness the ruler is without virtue, and he cannot be compared to men of good character. He does not condone this type of behavior, he merely contends it is necessary to exist as a prince. Various people in the Bible killed others. One of the greatest men in the Old Testament, King David took many lives in order to maintain his kingdom. Abraham, the man to whom God promised offspring as many as the stars in the sky, too attacked and murdered people. How can Machiavelli be so evil for only suggesting the destruction of enemies, if great men of the Bible actually did the same?Pope Alexander VI was a man of the Church and a ruler, yet he openly deceived men. Satan too beguiled men: in the Garden of Eden Satan lied to Eve, in the desert Satan tried to mislead Jesus. Was Alexander ever compared to Sa tan as Machiavelli was? King David, known for his righteousness and integrity, deceived a colleague of his by committing adultery with his colleagues wife, then covering his sin. At one time, Machiavellis name was compared to Satans. His thoughts andideas written in his book The Prince contradicted those of the Church and the Bible. But Machiavelli did not condone the use of force, violence, and deception. He said using those things would be bad if all men were good; however, men are evil. According to him, all men have a little of Satan in them. .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec , .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .postImageUrl , .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec , .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec:hover , .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec:visited , .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec:active { border:0!important; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec:active , .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u642d2c0b6ecd1505ba193afc6e5102ec:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Atomic Bomb EssayGovernment Essays

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Life and Work of Leonora Carrington, Activist and Artist

Life and Work of Leonora Carrington, Activist and Artist Leonora Carrington (April 6, 1917–May 25, 2011) was an English artist, novelist, and activist. She was part of the Surrealist movement of the 1930s and, after moving to Mexico City as an adult, became a founding member of Mexicos women’s liberation movement. Fast Facts: Leonora Carrington Known For: Surrealist artist and writerBorn: April 6, 1917 in Clayton Green, Clayton-le-Woods, United KingdomDied: May 25, 2011 in Mexico City, MexicoSpouse(s): Renato Leduc, Emericko WeiszChildren: Gabriel Weisz, Pablo WeiszNotable Quote: I didnt have time to be anyones muse... I was too busy rebelling against my family and learning to be an artist. Early Life Leonora Carrington was born in 1917 in Clayton Green, Chorley, Lancashire, England, to an Irish mother married to a wealthy Irish textile manufacturer. In a family of four children, she was the only daughter, alongside her three brothers. Although she was educated by excellent governesses and sent to good schools, she was expelled from two different schools for rebellious misbehavior. Eventually, Carrington was sent abroad to Florence, Italy, where she studied at Mrs. Penroses Academy of Art. When Carrington was ten, she first encountered Surrealist art in a gallery in Paris, which cemented her desire to pursue a career as an artist. Her father strongly disapproved, but her mother supported her. Although she was presented at court when she came of age, Carrington was mostly disinterested in the niceties of society. Newcomer to the Art World In 1935, Carrington attended the Chelsea School of Art in London for one year, but she then transferred to London’s Ozenfant Academy of Fine Arts (established by the French modernist Amà ©dà ©e Ozenfant), where she spent the next three years studying her craft. Her family was not openly opposed to her artistic pursuits, but by this point, they were not actively encouraging her either. Carringtons greatest champion and patron at this time was Edward James, the noted Surrealist poet and art patron. James bought many of her early paintings. Years later, he still supported her work, and he arranged a show for her work at  Pierre Matisses New York gallery in 1947. Relationship With Max Ernst At an exhibition in London in 1936, Carrington encountered the work of Max Ernst, a German-born Surrealist who was 26 years her senior. Ernst and Carrington met at a London party the following year and quickly became inseparable, both artistically and romantically. When they moved to Paris together, Ernst left his wife and moved in with Carrington, making a home in the south of France. Together, they supported each other’s art and even made works of art, such as quirky animal sculptures, to decorate their shared home. It was during this period that Carrington painted her first clearly Surrealist work, Self-portrait  (also called  The Inn of the Dawn Horse). Carrington depicted herself in dreamy white clothes and with loose hair, with a prancing hyena in front of her a rocking horse flying around behind her. She also painted a portrait of Ernst in a similar style. When World War II began, Ernst (who was German) was immediately treated with hostility in France. He was soon arrested by French authorities as a hostile foreign national and was released only because of interventions of several well-connected French and American friends. Things only got worse when the Nazis invaded France; they arrested Ernst again and accused him of creating â€Å"degenerate† art. Ernst escaped and fled to America with the help of art patron Peggy Guggenheim- but he left Carrington behind. Ernst married Peggy Guggenheim in 1941, and although their marriage soon fell apart, he and Carrington never rekindled their relationship. Institutionalization and Escape Terrified and devastated, Carrington fled Paris and headed to Spain. Her mental and emotional state deteriorated, and ultimately her parents had Carrington institutionalized. Carrington was treated with electroshock therapy and strong drugs. Carrington later wrote about her horrific experiences in the mental institution, which also reportedly included assault, abuse, and unsanitary conditions, in a novel, Down Below. Eventually, Carrington was released to the care of a nurse and moved to Lisbon, Portugal. In Lisbon, Carrington escaped the nurse and sought sanctuary in the Mexican embassy. Renato Leduc, a Mexican ambassador and friend of Pablo Picasso, agreed to help get Carrington out of Europe. The pair entered a marriage of convenience so that her path would be smoother as a diplomat’s wife, and they were able to escape to Mexico. Aside from a few journeys north to the United States, Carrington would spend most of the rest of her life in Mexico. Art and Activism in Mexico Carrington and Leduc divorced quickly and quietly in 1943. Over the next couple of decades, Carrington spent time in New York City as well as in Mexico, interacting with the art world at large. Her work was unusual among the Surrealist community in that she did not use the works of Freud as a major influence. Instead, she utilized magical realism and the idea of alchemy, often drawing on her own life for inspiration and symbolism. Carrington also went against the grain with regards to the Surrealists’ approach to female sexuality: she painted as she experienced the world as a woman, rather than the male-gaze filtered depictions of many of her counterparts. In the 1970s, Leonora became a voice for the women’s liberation movement in Mexico City. She designed a poster, called Mujeres conciencia, for their movement. In many ways, her art tackled concepts of gender identity and feminism, making her an ideal fit to work with their cause. Her focus was psychological freedom, but her work was primarily towards political freedom for women (as a means to this ultimate goal); she also believed in creating cooperative efforts between the movements in North America and Mexico. While Carrington was living in Mexico, she met and married the Hungarian-born photographer Emerico Weisz. The couple had two sons: Gabriel and Pablo, the latter of whom followed in his mother’s footsteps as a Surrealist artist. Death and Legacy Carringtons husband Emerico Weisz died in 2007. She survived him by about four years. After a battle with pneumonia, Carrington died in Mexico City on May 25, 2011, aged 94. Her work continues to be shown at exhibitions across the world, from Mexico to New York to her native Britain. In 2013, Carringtons work had a major retrospective at the Irish Museum of Modern Art in Dublin, and in 2015, a Google Doodle commemorated what would have been her 98th birthday. By the time of her death, Leonora Carrington was one of the last-surviving Surrealist artists, and undoubtedly one of the most unique. Sources Aberth, Susan. Leonora Carrington: Surrealism, Alchemy and Art. Lund Humphries, 2010.Blumberg, Naomi. â€Å"Leonora Carrington: English-Born Mexican Painter and Sculptor.† Encyclopaedia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Leonora-Carrington.â€Å"Leonora Carrington.† National Museum of Women in the Arts, https://nmwa.org/explore/artist-profiles/leonora-carrington.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

History of Golf and Golf Equipment

History of Golf and Golf Equipment Golf originated from a game played on the coast of Scotland during the 15th century. Golfers would hit a pebble instead of a ball around the sand dunes using a stick or club. After 1750, golf evolved into the sport as we recognize it today. In 1774, Edinburgh golfers wrote the first standardized rules for the game of golf. Invention of Golf Balls Golfers soon tired of hitting pebbles and tried other things. The earliest man-made golf balls included thin leather bags stuffed with feathers (they did not fly very far). The gutta-percha ball was invented in 1848 by Reverend Adam Paterson. Made from the sap of the Gutta tree, this ball could be hit a maximum distance of 225 yards and was very similar to its modern counterpart. In 1898, Coburn Haskell introduced the first one-piece rubber core; when professionally hit these balls reached distances approaching 430 yards. According to The Dimpled Golf Ball by Vincent Mallette, balls were smooth during the early days of golf. Players noticed that as balls became old and scarred, they traveled farther. After a while players would take new balls and intentionally pit them. In 1905, golf ball manufacturer William Taylor was the first to add the dimple pattern using the Coburn Haskell ball. Golf balls had now taken on their modern form. Evolution of Golf Clubs Golf clubs have evolved from wooden shaft clubs to todays sets of woods and irons with durability, weight distribution, and graduation utility. The evolution of clubs went hand-in-hand with the evolution of golf balls that were able to withstand harder whacks. History of Carrying and Caddies During the 1880s, golf bags first came into use. The beast of burden is an old nickname for the caddie who carried golfers equipment for them. The first powered golf car appeared around 1962 and was invented by Merlin L. Halvorson. Invention of Golf Tees The word tee as it relates to the game of golf originated as the name for the area where a golfer played. In 1889, the first documented portable golf tee was patented by Scottish golfers William Bloxsom and Arthur Douglas. This golf tee was made from rubber and had three vertical rubber prongs that held the ball in place. However, it lay on the ground and did not pierce the ground like modern golf tees. In 1892, a British patent was granted to Percy Ellis for his Perfectum tee that did pierce the ground. It was a rubber tee with a metal spike. The 1897 Victor tee was similar and included a cup-shaped top to better hold the golf ball. The Vicktor was patented by Scotsmen PM Matthews. American patents for golf tees include the first American patent issued to Scotsmen David Dalziel in 1895, the 1895 patent issued to American Prosper Senat, and the 1899 patent for an improved golf tee issued to George Grant. Rules of the Game In 1774, the first standardized rules of golf were written and used for the first golf championship, which was won by Doctor John Rattray on 2nd April 1744 in Edinburgh, Scotland. You must tee your ball within one clubs length of the hole.Your  tee  must be on the ground.You are not to change the ball which you strike off the tee.You are not to remove stones, bones or any break club for the sake of playing your ball, except on the fair green, and that only within a clubs length of your ball.If your ball comes among water, or any watery filth, you are at liberty to take out your ball and bringing it behind the hazard and teeing it, you may play it with any club and allow your adversary a stroke for so getting out your ball.If your balls  be  found anywhere touching one another you are to lift the first ball till you play the last.At  holeing  you are to play your ball honestly for the hole, and not to play upon your adversarys ball, not lying in your way to the hole.If you should lose your ball, by its being taken up, or any other way, you are to go back to the spot where you struck last and drop another ball and allow your adversary a stroke for th e misfortune.No man at  holeing  his ball is to be allowed to mark his way to the hold with his club or anything else. If a ball  be  stoppd by any person, horse or dog, or anything else, the ball so stoppd  must  be played where it lyes.If you draw your club in order to strike and proceed so far in the stroke as to be bringing down your club; if then your club shall break in any way, it is to be accounted a stroke.He whose ball  lyes  farthest from the hole is obliged to play first.Neither trench, ditch or  dyke  made for the preservation of the links, nor the Scholars Holes or the soldiers lines shall be accounted a hazard but the ball is to be taken out,  teed  and  playd  with any iron club.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Stress in Law Enforcement Results in a High Degree of Divorce and Research Paper

Stress in Law Enforcement Results in a High Degree of Divorce and Suicide - Research Paper Example Indications suggest what can be done to alleviate the problems both individually as officers, within their families, and within the organization as a whole. Finally, the information covers law enforcement officers’ duties regarding service to the community and how the community can avoid a disservice to the officers. Key words: double bind, stresses, high risk lifestyle Stress in Law Enforcement Results in a High Degree of Divorce and Suicide. How does this Problem Develop and How is it Mitigated? Introduction â€Å"If you ever find me like that (shot), you better start looking for the one who did it, because I would never do that to myself (Boyce, 2006).† This was a statement previously quoted by a State Trooper who did not come home as usual after his shift. The officer was found with a gunshot wound to the head and sitting in his own car after a long and diligent search. The State Crime Lab determined that he had taken his own life. What would cause an officer to do such a thing to himself? Sergeant Boyce can remember seeing warning signs, after the fact, that the officer was under much physical and emotional stress (Boyce, 2006). The dead officer had become withdrawn and did not work with the rest of the officers as he had in the past. Sergeant James Boyce recalls himself when dozing in a chair at his home on the couch, and his wife or one of the kids touched him, he would sit straight up and make a fist as if ready to fight. Is an incident such as this caused by the everyday stress of law enforcement? (Boyce, 2006). According to Hans Selye, a respected researcher in stress, â€Å"police work is the most stressful occupation in America (Boyce, 2006).† Law enforcement stress leads to one of the highest, suicide rates in the nation in comparison to other occupations. The divorce rate for other occupations is 50 percent while law enforcement divorce rates are as high as 75 percent. This makes the divorce rate among police officers second i n the nation. These facts alone are a warning sign targeted at law enforcement management. Extreme Negative Effects Dan Goldfarb covers the impact of stress on police officers at a union delegates meeting. He defines stress in a very unconventional way, but it relates very well to the job of police work. Stress is â€Å"that feeling and desire along with the ensuing bodily effects, experienced by a person who has a strong and true longing to choke the living shit out of someone who desperately deserves it, but you can’t (Goldfarb, 2011).† It is Goldfarbs’ contention that although this might be a very funny way to convey the information, however, there is a real truth to it. Law enforcement work calls for an incredible amount of discipline and restraint. This restraint is a continuing thing and it causes insurmountable stress. Goldfarb points out that between 1934 and 1960 police suicide rates were half that of the general population and between 1980 and the pres ent have almost doubled (Goldfarb, 2011). So the difference in the present vs. the past is, â€Å"You can’t choke em anymore,† as he puts it. He contends that street justice no longer exists, the media is continually showing the negative side of police work, and politicians cater to the public and new laws, therefore, your hands are tied. So, law enforcement officers start to feel like they are being choked. According to research the biggest stresses for police work are, 1. Taking a life in the line